Authors birthday: June

Marie NDiaye (born 4 June 1967) is a French novelist and playwright. She published her first novel, Quant au riche avenir, when she was 17. She won the Prix Goncourt in 2009. Her play Papa doit manger is the sole play by a living female writer to be part of the repertoire of the Comédie française.

NDiaye was born in Pithiviers, France, less than a hundred kilometers south of Paris, to a French mother and a Senegalese father. She grew up with her mother in the suburbs of Paris. Her parents met as students in the mid 1960s, but her father left for Africa when she was only one year old.

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She began writing at the age of 12. As a senior in high school, she was discovered by Jerome Lindon, founder of Editions de Minuit[Midnight Publications], who published her first novel, Quant au riche avenir. After her first novel she wrote a further six, all published by Minuit, and a collection of short stories. She also wrote her Comédie Classique, a two-hundred-page novel made up of a single sentence, which was published by POL when she was 21 years old. As well as writing novels, NDiaye has written a number of plays and a screenplay. Papa doit manger is only the second play by a female writer to be taken into the repertoire of the Comédie française.

Her novel Trois femmes puissantes won the 2009 Prix Goncourt. In his 2013 critical study of the author, Marie NDiaye: Blankness and Recognition, British academic Andrew Asibong describes NDiaye as “the epitome of a certain kind of cultural brilliance”,arguing elsewhere in the book, a psychoanalytic exploration of the writer’s evocation of trauma and disavowal, that “NDiaye’s work explores the violence done to the subject’s capacity for feeling and knowing“.

  • Paulina “Poulli” Chiziane -1931 – 4 June 1955
  • Marie NDiaye – 4 June 1967
  • Dambudzo Marechera – 4 June 1952 –died 18 August 1987
  • Victor Séjour – 2 June 1817 – died 20 September 1874
  • Cornel Ronald West – 2 June 1953
  • Dorothy West – 2 June 1907 –died 16 August 1998
  • Ingrid de Kok – 4 June 1951
  • Lauren Beukes – 5 June 1976

Happy Africa Day

Did you know?

Africa is the second largest continent in the World. The second largest in both land mass and population. It covers about a fifth of the earth’s total land area. Africa’s land mass is  about 30.2 million km2 (11.7m sq mi) and this includes adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the earth’s total surface area.

This Africa month get together with fellow African learners in your school and have exhibition were everyone will showcase their artistic works from their own countries.

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The lowest point in Africa is Lake Assal which is located in central-eastern Djibouti at the western end of Gulf Tadjoura in the Tadjoura region, touch Dikhil region at the top of the Great Rift Valley. The crater lake lies 155 meters below sea level.

This water body also takes the third position for lowest land depression on Earth following the dead sea Galilee. The level of saltiness in the lake is so high becoming 10 times more concentrated than that of the sea. Lake Assal is the world’s largest salt reserve. Which is presently exploited under four concessions awarded in 2002 at the Southeast end of the lake.

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Cool Facts about African Continent:-

  • Despite Africa being the second-largest continent in the world, it has the shortest coastline. This is due to the many bays and edges that extend out of the coastline.
  • World civilization began in Africa. The Pharaonic civilization of ancient Egypt is the oldest literate civilization. According to historical records, the Egyptian state dates back to about 3300 B.C.
  • Islam is the dominant religion in Africa. Christianity is the second. Arabic is also the most widely-spoken language in Africa.
  • Africa is the most centrally located continent in the world. Both the prime meridian (0 degrees longitude), and the equator (0 degrees latitude) cut across it.
  • Africa’s largest country is Sudan. It has a total area of 967,940 square miles (2.5 million km2). The smallest country on the continent is The Seychelles, which is an island nation covering just 453 km2 (175 miles2).
  • Nigeria has the highest population (154.7 million people) in Africa. This represents 18% of Africa’s total population.
  • South Africa has the highest GDP (($182 billion) in Africa. Guinea Bissau has the lowest at $230 million.
  • 21 percent of SSA nations have one or two products accounting for their total exports. Most of these exports are in form of agricultural produce.
  • The shortest distance between Africa and Europe is only 8.9 miles (14.3 kilometers) of ocean.
  • Africa’s Nile River is the world’s longest river. It has a total length of 6,650 kilometers (4,132 miles) and cuts across 11 countries. It drains into the Mediterranean Sea from Africa’s Northeastern edge.
  • The largest island in Africa, located in the Indian Ocean (off Africa’s East Coast) is Madagascar. It is also the fourth largest in the world.
  • The Victoria Falls, located along the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, is one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The Zambezi River is the fall’s main water source.
  • Africa’s Sahara desert is the world’s largest hot desert covering 9.1 million km2. Of the deserts of the world, it is the third largest after the Arctic (second largest) and Antarctic (largest) deserts.
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  • The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. It rises 5895 meters (19,340 feet) above sea level.
  • Both the world’s tallest and largest land animals both come from Africa. They are the giraffe and African elephant, respectively.
  • Witwatersrand, South Africa, produces almost half of all the gold mined in Africa.
  • More people speak French in Africa than do those in France.
  • Egypt is Africa’s most popular tourist destination. The country receives over 10 million visitors every year. Cairo, Egypt’s capital city, is also Africa’s largest city.
  • Soccer and cricket are two of Africa’s most popular sports. They were both introduced during the colonial era.
  • The national flag of Mozambique has the image of an AK-47 assault rifle embedded into it. It is the only national flag in the world featuring such a modern rifle.

Authors birthdays: May

José Craveirinha (28 May 1922 – 6 February 2003) was a Mozambican journalist, story writer and poet, who is today considered the greatest poet of Mozambique. His poems, written in Portuguese, address such issues as racism and the Portuguese colonial domination of Mozambique.

A supporter of the anti-Portuguese group FRELIMO during the colonial wars, he was imprisoned in the 1960s. He was one of the African pioneers of the Négritude movement, and published six books of poetry between 1964 and 1997. Craveirinha also wrote under the pseudonyms Mário Vieira, José Cravo, Jesuíno Cravo, J. Cravo, J.C., Abílio Cossa, and José G. Vetrinha.

Books published

  • Chigubo (poetry). Lisbon: Casa dos Estudantes do Império, 1964; 2d ed. Maputo: INLD, 1980.
  • Cantico a un dio di Catrame (poetry, bilingual Portuguese–Italian). Translation and preface by Joyce Lussu. Milan, Italy: Lerici, 1966.
  • Karingana ua karingana (poetry, “Era uma vez”). Lourenço Marques [Maputo]: Académica, 1974; 2d ed. Maputo: INLD, 1982.
  • Cela 1 (poetry). Maputo: INLD, 1980.
  • Izbranie (selected works, in Russian). Moscow, USSR: Molodoya Gvardiya, 1984.
  • Maria (poetry). Lisbon, Portugal: ALAC (África Literatura Arte e Cultura), 1988.
  • Voglio essere tamburo (poetry). Venezia, Italia: Centro Internazionale della grafica di Venezia – Coop, 1991.
  • Babalaze das Hienas (poetry). Maputo: AEMO, 1997.
  • Hamina e outros contos (poetry). Maputo: Njira, 1997.
  • Contacto e outras crónicas. Maputo: Centro Cultural Português, 1999
  • Poesia Toda (poetry). Lisboa, Portugal: Caminho, 2000.
  • Obra Poética (poetry). Maputo: UEM, 2002.
  • Dikter (poetry). Stockholm: Ordfront, 2002.
  • Poemas da Prisão (poetry). Maputo: Njira, 2003.
  • Poesia Erótica (poetry). Maputo: Texto Editores, 2004

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  • Olivia Ward Bush-Banks – 23 May 1869 –died 1944
  • Patrick Cullinan – 25 May 1933 – died 14 April 2011
  • Jay Wright – 25 May 1935
  • Jamaica Kincaid – 25 May 1949
  • Joyce Carol Thomas – 25 May 1938
  • Dan Roodt – 26 May 1957
  • Glória de Sant’Anna – 26 May 1925 –died 2 June 2009
  • Victoria Earle Matthews – 27 May 1861 –died 10 March 1907
  • José Craveirinha – 28 May 1922 -died 6 February 2003
  • Robert Lee Allen – 29  May 1942
  • André Brink – 29 May 1935
  • Larry Dell Alexander – 30 May 1953
  • Countee Cullen – 30 May 1903 – died 9 January 1946
  • Mary Watson – 31 May 1975
  • Amadou Koné – May 1953
  • Al Young – 31 May 1939

Author birthday:May

Malcolm X (May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), born Malcolm Little and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist.To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.

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By March 1964, Malcolm X had grown disillusioned with the Nation of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad. Expressing many regrets about his time with them, which he had come to regard as largely wasted, he embraced Sunni Islam. After a period of travel in Africa and the Middle East, which included completing the Hajj, he repudiated the Nation of Islam, disavowed racism and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity. He continued to emphasize Pan-Africanism, black self-determination, and black self-defense.

 

  • Eloise Greenfield – 17 May 1929
  • Malcolm X – 19 May 1925 –died 21 February 1965
  • Eghosa Imasuen – 19 May 1976
  • Lorraine Vivian Hansberry – 19 May 1930 –died 12 January 1965
  • Marcelino dos Santos – 20 May 1929
  • Olympia Vernon –  22 May 1973
  • Amadou Hampâté Bâ – January or February 1901– died May 15, 1991

Word of the day: Xanthosis 

Say it: zan-thoses

Part of speech: Noun

Definition:Yellow discoloration of the skin from abnormal causes.

Etymology: Latin

Synonyms: Skin disease, Disease of the skin, Skin disorder

Use in a sentence:After 15 years of study, the Berkeley scholars determined that aphids were transferring a virus called xanthosis from plant to plant.

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