Malcolm X (May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), born Malcolm Little and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist.To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
By March 1964, Malcolm X had grown disillusioned with the Nation of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad. Expressing many regrets about his time with them, which he had come to regard as largely wasted, he embraced Sunni Islam. After a period of travel in Africa and the Middle East, which included completing the Hajj, he repudiated the Nation of Islam, disavowed racism and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity. He continued to emphasize Pan-Africanism, black self-determination, and black self-defense.
- Eloise Greenfield – 17 May 1929
- Malcolm X – 19 May 1925 –died 21 February 1965
- Eghosa Imasuen – 19 May 1976
- Lorraine Vivian Hansberry – 19 May 1930 –died 12 January 1965
- Marcelino dos Santos – 20 May 1929
- Olympia Vernon – 22 May 1973
- Amadou Hampâté Bâ – January or February 1901– died May 15, 1991